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Pablo Neruda, Chile's Nobel Prize Winner

(Reads: 7946, 03-Mar-2010)


Museo Ferroviario Pablo Neruda, Casa de Máquinas
Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto (Pablo Neruda) was born in Parral in 1904, son of José del Carmen Reyes Morales, a railway employee, and Rosa Basoalto Opazo, a school mistress who died a few years after the poet's birth.
 

Pablo Neruda's Houses

Neruda's life was marked by places which held great significance for him, and which today have been converted into museums and spaces where we can learn more about the work of this great Chilean poet:

La Chascona (the "shock-headed" or "untidy one") is the name which Pablo Neruda gave to his house in Santiago located at the base of the Cerro San Cristóbal. It is to be found in Calle Fernando Márquez de la Plata 0192, Providencia, in Santiago. The telephone/fax number is (56 2) 777 8741 - 737 8712. It is open to the public from Tuesday to Sunday from 10:00 to 13:00 and 15:00 to 18:00 hrs.

La Sebastiana is Pablo Neruda's house in the port city of Valparaiso. The address is Calle Ferrari 692, Cerro Florida, Valparaiso. The telephone number is (56) (32) 2256606. Opening hours are Tuesday to Sunday from 10:30 to 14:30 and15:30 to 18:00 hrs in winter and 10:30 to 14:30 and 15:30 to 19:00 hrs in summer.

Casa de Isla Negra This is Pablo Neruda's house in the coastal village of Isla Negra south of Valparaiso, located at Camino Vecinal (no number). The telephone number is (56) (35) 461284. Opening hours are from Tuesday to Sunday from 10:00 to 14:00 and 15:00 to 18:00 hrs. in winter, and from 10:00 to 20:00 hrs continuous in summer.

Biography


In 1906 the Reyes family moved to Temuco where Neruda's father married Trinidad Candia Marverde, mentioned by the poet in various texts, such as Confieso que he vivido and Memorial de Isla Negra, by the name of Mamadre. Pablo Neruda went to school at the Boys High School in Temuco, and while still at school published his first poems in the regional newspaper “La Mañana”. In 1919 he was awarded third prize in the “Maule Floral Games” for his poem Nocturno ideal. In 1921 he went to live in Santiago and studied to become a French teacher in the University of Chile, winning first prize in the spring festival with his poem La canción de fiesta, later published in the review Juventud. In 1923, he published Crepusculario, which earned the recognition of such writers as Alone, Raúl Silva Castro and Pedro Prado.

The following year his Veinte poemas de amor y una canción desesperada was published by Editorial Nascimento; the influence of modernism can be still be noted in this work. Subsequently he manifested a formal proposal for renovation, vanguardist in intent, in three brief books published in 1926: El habitante y su esperanza; Anillos (in collaboration with Tomás Lagos) and Tentativa del hombre infinito. In 1927 he began his long diplomatic career when he was appointed consul in Rangoon, Burma. In his extensive travels he met Federico García Lorca in Buenos Aires and Rafael Alberti in Barcelona. In 1935, Manuel Altolaguirre entrusted Neruda with the management of the poetry review Caballo Verde, where he appeared in the company of the poets of the "generation of 27". In the same year the Madrid edition of Residencia en la tierra appeared. In 1936, the Spanish Civil War broke out, García Lorca was killed, and Neruda – having been removed from his post as consul – wrote España en el corazón. In 1945 he was awarded the National Prize for Literature.

In 1950 he published Canto General, in which his poetry adopted a social, ethical and political position. In 1952 he published Los versos del capitán and in 1954 Las uvas y el viento and Odas elementales. In 1958 Estravagario appeared, heralding a new change in his poetry. In 1965 he was awarded the title of Doctor Honoris Causa at Oxford University in Great Britain. In October 1971 he received the Nobel Prize for Literature.

Pablo Neruda died in Santiago on 23rd September 1973. His memoirs were published posthumously, in 1974, under the title Confieso que he vivido.


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Links

Casa en Isla Negra
Casa La Chascona
Casa La Sebastiana
Museo Ferroviario Pablo Neruda en Temuco
Vida y Obra de Pablo Neruda


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